Need-to-Know Courtroom Terms and Definitions

If you are facing a court trial for criminal charges, it is helpful to know some common terms and definitions that will likely be used to adjudicate your case. This knowledge will allow you to comprehend the proceedings of the trial and better understand the circumstances of your sentencing and subsequent penalties.

Continue reading to get started right now!

Indianapolis Criminal Defense 317-636-7514

Indianapolis Criminal Defense Law Firm 317-636-7514

Arraignment

– This is the trial in which a judge informs a defendant of their criminal charges.

Pre-Trial

– Any type of official proceedings that take place before a criminal trial.

Trial De Novo

– A new or sequential trial.

Failure to Appear

– The action of a defendant missing a scheduled, court-ordered, mandatory hearing. Also known as an “FTA.”

Dismissal

– A case, action, suit, or motion that is dismissed by the court without a trial.

Prosecutor

– The state or government attorneys who review criminal cases for filing. This includes District attorneys, state prosecutors, and Attorney Generals.

Defendant

– An individual being charged or prosecuted for a crime they are suspected of committing.

Judge/Magistrate

– A public official who is legal authorized to decides cases in a court of law.

Bailiff

– The person who maintains order, safety, and security in the court room. This includes Deputy Marshals, Deputy Sheriffs, and Correctional Officers.

Bench

– The built-in desk and seating area at the head of the court room. This is where the judge sits and people testify.

Charges

– Unproven violations of the law that must be answered to by the accused in a criminal case.

Case

– A situation of dispute contested in a court of law.

Discovery

– The process in which a defendant is given the right to review all alleged charges and evidences that the prosecution has (and may use) against them.

Conviction

– A final judgement regarding a criminal case.

Motion

– A request for a particular order or ruling by the judge.

Motion Granted

– A judge allows for a requested motion.

Denial of Motion

– A judge refuses to allow a requested motion.

Order

– A court ruling over a lawyer’s motion or request.

Objection

– The act of opposing or contesting a piece of evidence presented by the opposing party.

Overrule

– A judge’s refusal to gratify an objection by counsel in regards to evidence.

Sustaining

– A judge’s approval to uphold an objection by counsel in regards to evidence.

Plea

– A formal statement given by a defendant in regards to their criminal charges that discloses their guilt or innocence.

Not Guilty Plea

– A formal statement given by a defendant in regards to their criminal charges that asserts innocence.

Guilty Plea

– A formal statement given by a defendant in regards to their criminal charges that admits guilt.

Nolo Contendere (No Contest)

– A “no contest” plea, which automatically renders the defendant as guilty. This plea cannot be recanted in future civil matters unless allowable by law.

Evidence

– Any real thing presented to the court as proof to support a fact. This includes items, witness testimonies, social media activity, recordings, photographs, and more.

Probable Cause

– Specific and connected facts that would cause a practical, reasonably-thinking person to believe a crime has been committed, and that it was committed by the accused defendant.

Admissible

– Evidence that is pertinent to the criminal charges against the defendant, and allowable in a court of law.

Hearsay

– An alleged statement made outside of the courtroom and presented as proof to refute a particular matter being affirmed in court.

Jury

– A group of men and women who have been appointed by trial attorneys to assess evidence and decide questions of fact. This group usually consists of 12 people, 18 years of age or older.

Hung Jury

– A jury that cannot come to a unanimous agreement of guilty or innocent after an extended period of deliberation.

Judgement

– The court’s official decision regarding the rights and claims of the involved parties in a criminal case.

Sentence

– The formal decision or finding made by the court in regards to a defendant after they have been convicted of a crime (or crimes).

Verdict

– The formal decision made by the jury.

Are You Facing Criminal Charges in Indiana?

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

If you do not already have a licensed criminal defense lawyer working on your case, you need one right away. Contact David E. Lewis, Attorney at Law, at 317-636-7514 to start building a strong and impactful defense against your criminal charges so that you have a chance at avoiding the maximum penalties for your suspected crimes. Our law firm offers free initial consultations, so there is no out-of-pocket obligations to you. Call 317-636-7514 and get started protecting your future, today.

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Common Questions About Criminal Defense Attorneys

When a person is arrested and charged with a crime, the first thought that usually comes to mind is to hire a lawyer. A criminal defense lawyer is an offender’s best opportunity at avoiding the maximum penalties for their criminal charges, including jail time. Every case is different, and varies among people and counties. But in all criminal cases, the most important step you can take as an offender facing jail time is to hire the right criminal defense lawyer. This is a critical to protecting your rights, preserving your freedoms, and securing a happy future.

Continue reading to learn some important answers to common questions about criminal defense attorneys, so that you can make the best decision for your legal defense and pending criminal case.

Criminal Defense Law Firm 317-636-7514

Criminal Defense Law Firm 317-636-7514

Do I Really Need a Criminal Defense Attorney?

If you want to avoid jail or have your charges dropped or reduced, you need to hire a criminal lawyer. You can opt for a public defender, but you have a stronger chance at dismissing criminal charges or entering into alternative sentencing agreements by using private defense.

What Will a Criminal Lawyer Do that a Public Defender Can’t Do?

Public defenders often work for larger firms, and do not do the investigation and research on their cases themselves. Instead, paralegals and investigators do most of the work, leaving the public defender out of the loop on details about the case circumstances. This leaves them unqualified and unequipped to effectively fight a person’s criminal charges. A criminal lawyer does all the investigative research themselves, and personally commits to every detail of the case. This is just one reason why they are the most promising choice for defense.

All Criminal Defense Attorneys are the Same; Right?

No. There are many unqualified and inexperienced lawyers that may claim to have knowledge of a certain area of law, but not extensively enough to beat federal or state criminal charges. It is important to find an attorney that has several years of experience and that has represented cases similar to yours, successfully. Be sure the lawyer you hire is proficient in the particular area of law that your charges fall under.

How Much Does it Cost to Hire a Criminal Attorney?

When your life and freedom are on the line, don’t let money get in the way. It is important to never establish your decision on a criminal attorney based on price. Some law firms charge more than others, while some charge less than they should. If the price quote seems too good to be true from a defense attorney, it may be because they are inexperienced and trying to build their practice. Choose an experienced attorney that will get you the fairest possible outcome for your case, not an attorney with a cheap retainer fee. Your future depends on it!

Who Can I Talk to About My Case?

Never discuss your case with anyone except your defense lawyer or legal team. This is critical to the outcome of your case. Everything discussed among your defense team is confidential, but with anyone else, it’s not. It is especially important to not discuss your case with law enforcement officers. They are not your friends and anything you tell them can be and will be used against you in a court of law. If anyone tries to ask you about your case, including insurance adjusters, cellmates, coworkers, friends, family, and strangers. Simply remain silent, and if they persist, tell them you refuse to discuss anything without your lawyer present.

Call Criminal Defense Attorney, David E. Lewis

David E. Lewis Criminal Defense Attorney

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

If you do not already have a licensed Indianapolis criminal defense lawyer working on your case, you need one right away. Contact David E. Lewis, Attorney at Law, at 317-636-7514 to start building a strong and impactful defense against your criminal charges so that you have a chance at avoiding the maximum penalties for your suspected crimes. Our law firm offers free initial consultations, so there is no out-of-pocket obligations to you. Call 317-636-7514 and get started protecting your future, today.

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Don’t Let a Criminal Charge Scare You Away From Fighting for Your Freedom

When facing a criminal charge, your life suddenly becomes up for debate. You just don’t know what the future holds until you receive that final verdict. For this reason, you need to ensure you have skilled and aggressive legal defense to protect your future and your freedom.

Criminal Defense Law Firm 317-636-7514

Criminal Defense Law Firm 317-636-7514


Defense Attorney, David E. Lewis, Will Fight Your Indiana Criminal Charge Using Every Resource in His Power! When it comes to representing clients, he is the skilled Indianapolis criminal defense lawyer who has what it takes to protect your rights and preserve your freedoms! You can avoid the maximum penalties for your charges with his aggressive legal representation!

What He Can Do For You

David E. Lewis, Attorney at Law, provides aggressive criminal defense for anyone charged with a crime in Indiana. His office is based out of Indianapolis, but his legal services are available for all cities and counties within the state. He is a licensed defense lawyer with more than 25 years of experience practicing criminal law, and has developed an extensive understanding of the how the justice system works in Indiana.

He is Always Present for His Clients

He has a passion to reunite his clients with their loved ones so they can get back to leading a happy and law-abiding life after a distressing criminal case. Call his office at 317-636-7514 if you have been charged with a crime in Indianapolis. Whether your case is small or highly complex, Attorney David E. Lewis treats all cases as if they are his own charges, and maintains an unbreakable respect for his clients.

How to Get Started

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

For a more in-depth look at the Law Office of David E. Lewis, call our Indianapolis criminal defense law firm at 317-636-7514 to schedule a free initial consultation and case evaluation. During this meeting, which is free of charge, you have the opportunity to sit down with Attorney David E. Lewis and discuss your Indiana criminal charges and the best strategies for your defense. Call as soon as today!

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Basic Information About Record Sealing and Expungement in Indiana

Indianapolis Criminal Record Expungement Lawyer 317-636-7514

Criminal Record Expungement 317-636-7514

In Indiana, criminal record expungement is now legal, but under very specific circumstances. And petitioners only get one chance at filing for expungement in a lifetime. To make things even sterner, only certain offenses can be expunged, and courts will only grant record expungement based on several key requirements. Not all will qualify, but for those who do, criminal record expungement can open up new doors and new possibilities in various facets of life, including employment, housing, bank loans, financial aid, and more. Continue reading to learn some fundamental information about sealing and expunging
arrest records in Indiana.

What is Expungement?

Expungement refers to the erasure or elimination of criminal convictions and/or arrests from one’s permanent record. Only under certain circumstances does a person qualify to expunge criminal records. Records that are not eligible for expungement, however, may be eligible for criminal record sealing. Records that may be expunged include but are not limited to:

Arrest Records
Misdemeanor Convictions
Level 6 Felony Convictions
Level 6 Felonies Reduced to Misdemeanors

What is Record Sealing?

Sealing criminal records means to restrict them from certain access. The only authorities that can access sealed records are criminal justice agencies, and at times, childcare agencies. Records that may be sealed with restricted access include but are not limited to:

Arrest Records
Misdemeanor Convictions
Level 6 Felony Convictions
Level 6 Felonies Reduced to Misdemeanors
Other Felonies

Which Crimes CANNOT Be Expunged?

Convictions that cannot be expungement or sealed include murder, sex crimes, feticide, manslaughter, reckless homicide, human trafficking, assisting or causing suicide, transfer of contaminated bodily fluids, registered sex offender status, and inappropriate communication with a child or minor.

Where Can I Find Indiana Criminal Record Expungement Petition Forms?
Right Here: Indiana Division of State Court Administration

The process that is required of the petitioner for record sealing or expunging is highly complicated, and revolves around a stringent schedule that’s difficult to follow. One little filing mistake or missed deadline, and a person loses their chance at sealing their public criminal history forever. For these reasons, it is imperative to retain the professional legal counsel of a licensed attorney that’s familiar with the Indiana expungement laws and provides services for filing and petitions.

For Expungement Assistance, Call Attorney David E. Lewis!

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

Call David E. Lewis, Attorney at Law at 317-636-7514 to seal or expunge arrest records in Indiana. He works around the clock to ensure your petition is carefully managed and filed in every aspect. And his services start as low as $850, so virtually anyone can afford to clear their criminal records or petty crimes and arrests. Call 317-636-7514 to schedule a free initial consultation, today.

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Who Creates the Law?

When it comes to law creation, it all starts with the United States Congress. They create and pass “bills”, which the President of the Unites States must sign to make it into law. However, not all bills signed into law are created equal. The federal court system can challenge these bills, and even have laws overturned, if they deem them unconstitutional. This has happened several times in our country’s history, most recently, in California regarding same-sex marriages.

Federal Crime Defense 317-636-7514

Federal Crime Defense 317-636-7514

State Law

As for state law, a similar process ensues, but it ensues on a state level, versus a federal one. Rather than congress, it is the state legislatures that create and pass on bills, which may or may not turn into state law. And rather than the U.S. President signing off on them, it is the state Governor instead. Similarly, however, state courts have the jurisdiction to review such bills and laws, and even have them overturned if they challenge or contradict the U.S. Constitution.

Judicial Hierarchy

When it comes to pecking order, judicial hierarchy starts with the federal court system, which includes district courts, circuit courts, and the Supreme Court. There are 94 district courts within the federal court system. These are trial courts that handle both civil and criminal cases. The federal court system also includes 12 court of appeals, also known as circuit and appellate courts. Appellate courts are in place to review the rulings of trial courts, which means they actually have more judicial influence than district courts.

The Supreme Court is the federal court that has ultimate power over all rulings within the United States judicial system. As the only court that was established by the Constitution, it has the power to judge whether federal, state, and local governments are acting within law, and can even decide if the President’s actions are constitutional or not. Mostly, the Supreme Court generally handles cases of National importance.

When They Conflict

There are several examples in which state and federal law conflict with one another, like in the case of medicinal and recreational marijuana usage, same-sex marriage, and even seat belt laws. Here are some possible scenarios:

❖ If state law provides a defendant with more privileges than federal law, state law will legally presume in that state. For example, if a person lives in a state in which medical marijuana is legal on a state level, but illegal on a federal level, the state law will prevail because it gives citizens more civil rights.

❖ In contrast, if state law allows for something that the federal law explicitly prohibits, such as possession of marijuana, the federal law will prevail in court cases.

❖ Also, if a state enforces more accountability on its residents than the federal law does, the state law will presume. This is common in regards to state and federal seat belt laws.

An Indianapolis Criminal Defense Attorney You Can Trust

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

Call Attorney David E. Lewis at 317-636-7514 to schedule a free initial consultation to discuss your criminal charges with a seasoned Indianapolis criminal defense attorney you can trust. We work around the clock to ensure your rights are protected and your freedoms are preserved. You can avoid the maximum penalties for your charges with our aggressive legal representation! Call 317-636-7514 to get started, today.

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Possible Court-Ordered Penalties for Felonies and Misdemeanors in Indiana

If you were recently arrested on felony or misdemeanor charges, it would be wise to review some of the possible penalties you will face in court if found guilty. The most common court-ordered penalties include probation, ignition interlock devices, electric monitoring, home detention, community service, legal fines, and more. Violating any court-ordered terms and conditions can result in a separate set of criminal charges, including actual jail time. Continue reading to learn about some common court-ordered penalties, and which steps to take next if you are facing criminal charges.

Indianapolis Criminal Defense 317-636-7514

Indianapolis Criminal Defense 317-636-7514

Probation

For anyone facing a misdemeanor charge, it is common to be sentenced to probation in lieu of serving jail time. Probation is a “probationary period” in which defendants must comply with all laws and court-ordered rules, while also completing all court-ordered tasks before their probation period is up. This period can last anywhere from 6 months to 2 years, depending on the type of convictions. It can also involve routine visitation to a probation headquarters to meet with a court-assigned probation officer. A probation officer’s job is to supervise an individual’s behavior, activity, and progress. Violation of any probationary terms, such as skipping a scheduled probation meeting or coming up positive on a drug test, can put a person back in front of another judge for additional sentencing.

Ignition Interlock Device (IID)

A common outcome for a convicted individual is an ignition interlock device (IID), which is much like a built-in breathalyzer inside a car. This device is generally reserved for habitual offenders, and installed in a person’s primary vehicle for the purpose of preventing them from driving drunk. An ignition interlock device is near the size of a mobile phone and usually installed in a car’s engine. It locks the ignition and prevents the vehicle from starting up until the driver breathes into the device, and renders a BAC level that is lower than 0.04 percent. If the offender has a BAC higher than that, the car engine will not start up. If the device reads a test that is over 0.04%, it records it and prints it out to local authorities. It is often treated as a violation, which can result in more penalties.

House Arrest

In place of jail time or imprisonment, a judge may order an offender to home detention, also known as house arrest. Those sentenced to home detention are not permitted to leave their premises under any circumstances, other than for work, rehabilitation treatment, drug/alcohol classes, court-ordered services, doctor visits, and other pre-approved activities. In fact, they are usually mandated to wear an electronic monitoring bracelet, also called an ankle monitor, which uses GPS to monitor where an individual is located. Overall, the main purpose of house arrest is to prevent a convicted individual who is under state supervision from committing more crimes or being involved in more illegal activity.

Additional Possibilities May Include:

☑ Random Drug Testing
☑ Victim Impact Panels
☑ Alcohol / Drug Education
☑ Substance Abuse Rehabilitation
☑ And More

Indianapolis Criminal Defense That Fights For You

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

Call Attorney David E. Lewis at 317-636-7514 for Indianapolis criminal defense that never stops fighting to preserve your rights and your freedoms. We offer free initial consultations to discuss your charges and the best strategies for defense. Contact us today to learn your rights and how to get started on your defense.

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Indiana Drug Trafficking Facts for Criminal Defense

If you or someone you love is facing drug trafficking charges in Indiana, it is helpful to learn some facts about the criminal justice system and prosecution process for such charges. Just know that you are not condemned to the maximum penalties for your drug trafficking charges. With the help of an aggressive and experienced Indianapolis criminal defense lawyer, you have a better chance at reducing your charges and avoiding jail time. They can help to protect your rights and preserve your freedoms.

Drug Criminal Defense Lawyer 317-636-7514

Drug Criminal Defense Lawyer 317-636-7514

Drug Trafficking Charges are Very Serious

In Indiana, the judicial systems objective with every case of trafficking and drug dealing laws is to set an example. This means that the penalties are much harsher, and usually always include substantial fines and longer prison sentences.

The level of punishment handed down for a drug trafficking conviction will vary depending on several factors, such as criminal history, amount, enhancements, and the type of drug.

Regardless of variables, virtually all drug trafficking convictions are felonies, ranging from Level 6 felonies to Level 1 felonies. There are various types of drug dealing charges, all of which come with separate levels of punishment.

Common Trafficking Charges Include:

Preparation and/or Packaging
Manufacturing
Transporting and/or Shipping
Selling
Bartering
Distributing

Common Drug Trafficking Defenses:

Illegal Search & Seizure
Mistakes in Case Facts
Suppression of Evidence
No Probable Cause for Search
Entrapment
Drug Misidentification

Who Can Help You?

Drug charges and convictions can effect virtually every aspect of a person’s life, and perhaps the lives of their loved ones. This is especially true for drug convictions since many can continue to negatively affect a person’s life long after they’ve completed their sentence. This is why it is important to appoint a licensed and experienced drug crime defense lawyer to help with your case. A knowledgeable drug crimes attorney is your strongest shot at avoiding jail time and extreme penalties for drug charges.

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

David E. Lewis, Attorney at Law, will build a strong defense for your case to gain a more promising outcome for you and your future. Our criminal law firm never cuts corners when it comes to criminal defense, and we will always go the extra mile for our client’s and their families. We leave no stone unturned when fighting our clients’ criminal charges. Call our office at 317-636-7514 and schedule a free consultation to have your case evaluated, today.

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Information You Need to Know About Prescription Drug Abuse in Indiana

Prescription Drug Criminal Defense 317-636-7514

Prescription Drug Criminal Defense 317-636-7514

If you or someone you love is suffering from prescription drug abuse, it is important to know that there are hundreds of resources available that will help you find a path to recovery. Below you will find a list of prescription drug abuse facts that are reported by the Office of the Indiana Attorney General. Not only can these realities can give you the knowledge and inspiration you need to get help for you or your one you love, they can protect you against health complications, death, and legal trouble.

Where to Find Help

There are many resources to choose from here in Indiana that can help addicts and drug users in need. Here are some to consider:

www.drugs.indiana.edu

www.recoveryindiana.org/selfhelp.php

www.addictionnomore.com/indiana

www.freerehabcenters.org/state/indiana

www.drugfreemc.org

The Truth About Prescription Drug Use:

💊 Every 25 minutes, a person’s life ends due to a prescription drug overdose.

💊 Prescription drug abuse is more prevalent than cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, and inhalants, combined.

💊 In the United States, it is estimated that 1 in 20 people have used prescription drugs for non-medical and recreational purposes.

💊 In most cases, prescription drug overdoses are accidental. People fall asleep under the influence, only to never wake up. Overdoses are even more common among people who mix alcohol with prescription drugs.

💊 Anyone can become a prescription drug user, regardless of age, gender, race, religion, social class, geographic region, and profession. Teachers, students, parents, college athletes, doctors, and more are just as likely to abuse prescription drugs as a repeat offenders and criminals, homeless people, teenagers, elderly, and poverty-level individuals.

💊 People assume that prescription drugs are a problem. But the real problem is the misuse or abuse of prescription drugs. This is why prescription medication education is so important. It can teach patients how to safely take and discontinue prescription medicine.

💊 An effective way to prevent theft or tampering of prescription drugs is to lock them in a cabinet or safe. It is also important to discard prescription medications properly as to not endanger others.

💊 The most commonly abused prescription drugs are antidepressants, painkillers, and stimulants. Examples of such drugs include codeine, opiates, benzodiazepines, SSRI’s, phenethylamines, and more.

💊 Prescription drug abuse and misuse is an issue that affects more than just users. It affects our health and welfare, and implicates our society socially and economically.

💊 It is common for prescription drug use to lead to more serious habits like heroin and intravenous drug use. A large percentage of heroin users claim their drug addiction started with prescription pills.

💊 Many people have developed an addition after taking doctor-prescribes medication following an injury or medical issues. Often times, they become addicted to the pills without even knowing it.

💊 Unfortunately, some doctors will over-prescribe and/or neglect to pay attention to a patient’s medicinal usage, which can lead to patients abusing or misusing their medication, and subsequently, becoming an addict.

💊 If you are facing prescription drug charges, it is important to hire an experienced Indianapolis criminal defense lawyer to protect your rights, preserve your freedoms, and help you on a path towards drug-free living.

Call David E. Lewis, Attorney at Law

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

Call 317-636-7514 to schedule a free initial consultation with Attorney David E. Lewis, and discuss your case, as well as the best strategies for defense. We work around the clock to build a strong and impactful defense against your criminal allegations so that you can avoid the maximum penalties. Our criminal law firm never cuts corners when it comes to criminal defense, and we will always go the extra mile for our client’s and their families. Call today to get started.

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What is a Notice to Appear?

It is normal to feel frightened and confused after being delivered an NTA document by mail. You may not understand the criminal charges you face, or even recall being involved in any activity that could have rendered you a possible suspect or witness to a crime. This can cause you to experience heighten emotions, leaving you fearful for your future and your freedom. Fortunately, the right knowledge and a seasoned criminal defense attorney are all your need to protect yourself from undue process. Continue reading to learn more about Notice to Appear documents, requirements, procedures, and more. This will help you get on the right track toward putting your legal troubles behind you.

Criminal Defense Law Firm 317-636-7514

Criminal Defense Law Firm 317-636-7514

What is a Notice to Appear?

A “Notice to Appear” is an official government document. They are primarily used by state-level court systems to lessen the need for arrests, and stream line the attendance process for individuals suspected of committing lesser crimes. Not everyone qualifies for NTA status, and instead, will be issued an actual arrest warrant. Those who receive NTA’s are people who have been identified as low-risk and likely to appear. For example, the basic conditions for NTA eligibility include:

No Risk in Summoning Defendant to Appear
Defendant is Considered Likely to Appear
Defendant Has Not Failed to Respond to Previous Court Notice
Defendant is Facing Misdemeanor Charges or Infractions

\Normally 1 to 3 pages in length, these official papers formally request a individual’s attendance in court for a suspected crime. They are generally reserved for misdemeanor crimes, such as traffic offenses, shoplifting, and possession of drug paraphernalia. Essentially, they demand that a person appear in front of a judge within 10 days of their notice to answer to the criminal charges against them. If a person fails to appear, they will face additional legal penalties, and quite possible, criminal charges.

NTA Information

NTA documents will generally contain vital information pertinent to an individual’s case, including the allegations against them, as well as, the time, date, and location of their scheduled court appearance. Missed court dates, or FTA’s (failure to appears), are serious violations as well, and will be penalized as separate offenses; so it is critical to understand all the information in a Notice to Appear document, and properly prepare yourself for the appearance. Anyone who is issued a Notice to Appear must immediately retain legal counsel since they will soon be in court facing criminal charges.

Your Next Steps After Receiving an NTA

If you have received a Notice to Appear in Indiana, you could be facing a long list of penalties, including jail time, suspended driver’s license, hefty fines, loss of employment, sex offender registry, and much more. So now is the perfect time to call a licensed Indianapolis criminal defense attorney who will protect your rights and preserve your freedoms. It is important to prepare your defense as soon as possible since prosecution has already starting building their case against you.

Indianapolis Criminal Defense

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law

David E. Lewis Attorney at Law 317-636-7514

Call Attorney David E. Lewis at 317-636-7514 for aggressive criminal defense in Indianapolis, Indiana. Our law firm offers free initial consultations to discuss the best strategies of defense for your case. We work around the clock to ensure your rights are protected and your freedoms are preserved. You CAN avoid the maximum penalties for your charges with our aggressive legal representation. Call 317-636-7514 to get started, today.

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What is the Penalty for Having a Marijuana Joint?

If you think a little marijuana joint won’t land you in big trouble, think again. Indiana has strict penalties for drug possession crimes, whether you are caught with a small or large amount.

Marijuana Criminal Defense Lawyer 317-636-7514

Marijuana Criminal Defense Lawyer 317-636-7514


Although several other states have begun to change their recreational and medicinal usage laws, marijuana possession is still a crime in Indiana. In fact, it is still a Schedule I drug, the most severe of all drug classifications. Marijuana convictions can leave a permanent mark on a person’s life, affecting job opportunities, living arrangements, college admissions, custody agreements, and more.

In Indiana, getting caught with a joint of marijuana that weighs 5 grams or less will result in a Misdemeanor conviction, which comes with various types of legal and financial penalties depending on a defendant’s circumstances. For those without a prior drug conviction, a judge is likely to convict a first-time defendant with a Class B Misdemeanor. This is punishable by 0 to 6 Months in an Indiana County Jail Facility, as well as, fines adding up to $1,000, not including court costs, probation fees, and lost wages.

Caught With Priors

A person who is caught with a marijuana joint that weighs 5 grams or less and who has prior drug convictions will face harsher penalties in Indiana. A judge would be likely to convict them of a Class A Misdemeanor, which is punishable by up to 1 year in jail, $5000 in fines that do not include lawyer expenses, court costs, probation costs, and filing fees, as well as, one year of supervised probation that includes several court-ordered sentences like community service, random drug screening, victim impact panels, drug rehabilitation, and more.

Higher Amounts of Possession

Getting caught with one little joint of marijuana will land you in big trouble with the law; so it is no surprise that getting arrested with higher amounts of marijuana will get you in even more serious trouble. For possession over 30 grams, defendants can be charged and convicted of a felony, which stays on your permanent record forever, and will certainly affect employment opportunities. The common penalties for felony marijuana drug possession include 6 Months to 2 ½ Years in an Indiana Department of Corrections Prison Facility, up to $10,000 (not including lawyer expenses, court costs, probation costs, filing fees, probation fees, and lost wages), and several court-ordered sentences like the ones mentioned before (community service, routine drug testing, educational courses, rehab, etc.).

What is a Misdemeanor Crime?

Misdemeanor crimes are lesser offenses compared to felonies, but are still serious crimes that come with harsh penalties and life-long consequences. Misdemeanors are divided into three “classes”, from most serious to least serious: Class A Misdemeanors, Class B Misdemeanors, and Class C Misdemeanors. Class A misdemeanors are the most serious, and Class C misdemeanors are the least serious. For example, a “first offense drug possession under 5 grams” is charged as a Class B misdemeanor, while a second or third drug possession is penalized as a Class A misdemeanor, which is more serious and comes with harsher punishments.

Indianapolis Criminal Defense Lawyer

Marijuana Criminal Defense Lawyer 317-636-7514

Marijuana Criminal Defense Lawyer 317-636-7514

Call David E. Lewis, Attorney at Law, at 317-636-7514 if you are facing marijuana drug charges in Indiana. Our law firm works day and night to develop a strong and impactful defense for your case. We do everything in our power to protect your rights, preserve your freedoms, and obtain the fairest outcome possible for your case. Call 317-636-7514 to schedule a free initial consultation with an Indianapolis criminal defense lawyer who will fight for you.

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